The Circassian Genocide was a brutal and devastating campaign carried out by the Russian Empire against the Circassian nation. The Circassians were an indigenous ethnic group who lived in the northwestern Caucasus region of modern-day Russia.
The conflict between the Circassians and the Russian Empire began in the late 1700s, as the Russian Empire sought to expand its territory into the Caucasus region. The Circassians fiercely resisted the Russian advance, and engaged in a series of wars and uprisings against the Russian forces.
In 1864, the Russian Empire launched a final campaign against the Circassians, which resulted in the expulsion and killing of many Circassians. The Russian forces burned Circassian villages, destroyed crops, and poisoned wells in order to force the Circassians to leave their ancestral lands.
The Circassians were forced to go across the Black Sea to the Ottoman Empire.. Many Circassians died during the journey, and those who survived faced various hardships in their new home.
Estimates of the number of Circassians who died or were expelled during the genocide vary widely, but some estimates suggest that as many as 1.5 million Circassians were killed or forced to leave their homes. The Circassian Genocide is considered one of the largest forced migrations in history, and has had a lasting impact on the Circassian people and their culture.
Today, many Circassians continue to demand recognition of the genocide and the right to return to their ancestral lands in the Caucasus region. The Circassian Genocide is also seen as a cautionary tale about the dangers of colonialism and the devastating impact it can have on indigenous peoples and their communities.
Click to see the countries on the map which were sent official submission for the recognition of the Circassian Genocide!